Cancer can be scary enough. The words that come with it can be even scarier when you don’t know exactly what they mean. From types of cancer to treatment plans, there can be handfuls of words you have to learn. These words can often feel like just another burden on the road to recovery, but often that road is paved with what these words mean. Let’s take a second and make it all a little easier. Here are some of the most commonly used words in cancer treatment today, and what they mean:
Oncology: the study and treatment of tumors.
Malignancy: an abnormal growth of cells.
Prophylactic: done in hopes of preventing a disease.
Prognosis: the likely course of a disease or the likely outcome of a disease.
Carcinoma: cancer arising from cells in the skin or the tissue lining organs.
Sarcoma: cancer arising from cells in the connective tissue such as the bones, muscles, tendons, or cartilage, nerves, fat, or blood vessels.
Melanoma: cancer that begins in the melanocytes.
Lymphoma: cancer arising from the lymphatic system.
Leukemia: cancer that begins in the blood.
Metastasis: the development of secondary malignant growths at a distance from a primary site of cancer.